Glossary of Medical Specialties

  • Allergy/Immunology - the diagnosis and treatment of allergic and immunologic diseases, including asthma, hay fever, hives, eczema, and drug and food allergies
  • Anesthesiology - the administration of medications as a means to block pain or diminish consciousness for surgery, usually by injection or inhalation
  • Cardiology - the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the heart and major blood vessels
  • Emergency Medicine - the specialty that includes treatment of any symptom, illness or injury requiring urgent evaluation and/or treatment
  • Family Practice - the specialty that provides comprehensive and ongoing medical care to all members of the family unit
  • Gastroenterology - the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the digestive system, including the liver, stomach and intestines, and medical conditions such as ulcers, tumors and colitis
  • Geriatrics - the treatment of diseases and internal disorders of the elderly
  • Hematology/Oncology - the diagnosis and treatment of blood disorders and/or cancer
  • Internal Medicine - the diagnosis and non-surgical treatment of adult health problems
  • Neonatology - the specialized care and treatment of a newborn up to six weeks of age
  • Neurology - the diagnosis and medical treatment of the nervous system and brain, including conditions such as strokes and seizures
  • Obstetrics/Gynecology - the care of women during and after pregnancy and childbirth, and the care of the female reproductive system and treatment of associated disorders
  • Ophthalmology - the diagnosis and treatment, including surgery, of diseases and disorders of the eye, such as cataracts and glaucoma
  • Orthopaedics - the diagnosis and treatment, including surgery, of diseases and disorders of the musculoskeletal system, including bones, joints, tendons, ligaments, muscles and nerves
  • Otolaryngology - the medical and surgical care for diseases of the ears, nose and throat (ENT)
  • Pain Management—the control of pain or discomfort through medication, stress reduction, relaxation, exercise, massage, heat, cold, or providing a comfortable environment
  • Pathology - the specialty of physicians who are trained to examine surgical specimens and biopsies for diagnostic purposes and who provide expertise in the performance and interpretation of laboratory testing and blood banking
  • Pediatrics - the care and treatment of infants, children, and adolescents
  • Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (Physiatry) - the use of exercise, prosthetics, and modalities such as heat, water, and mild electrical current to maximize an individual's level of ability to physically function, often employed following illness or injury
  • Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - the repair, restoration or improvement of conditions or injuries to the skin and external features resulting from disease, injury or birth defects
  • Podiatry - the care and treatment of the foot and ankle from childhood problems through those resulting from aging, including injury and disease and surgical correction of bunions, hammertoes and other conditions
  • Preventive Medicine - the specialty that focuses on the health of individuals in order to protect, promote and maintain health and prevent disease, disability and premature death
  • Psychiatry - the diagnosis and treatment of mental, emotional and behavioral disorders
  • Psychology—the science of dealing with mental processes and their effects on behavior
  • Pulmonary Medicine - the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic diseases and conditions of the respiratory system, such as bronchitis, asthma, emphysema and occupational lung disease
  • Radiology - the use of radiation, ultrasound, X-rays, computerized tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), mammography, and other imaging technologies to diagnose diseases and internal disorders
  • Surgery (General) - the surgical intervention for diseases or conditions of the following systems: colon/rectal (large and small intestines), endocrine (glandular system) and gastrointestinal (digestive, liver, stomach, intestines)
  • Urology - the diagnosis and management, including surgery, of disorders of the urinary tract in both males and females, as well as the male reproductive system
  • Vascular Surgery - the diagnosis and treatment of circulatory problems of the extremities, especially the legs